Varieties of brick

How do you feel about throwing money down in the wind during the construction of a house or other structure? A rhetorical question. Didn’t you think about how to choose a brick to save money and at the same time your stone wall did not collapse? The service life of your building also depends on such a choice, whether it is a country cottage or a small garden house.

The brick belongs to unnatural stone substances and is made from specialized clay, which has universal and very useful properties.

At first, the clay is interfered, formed, then dried, and then accommodated in special stoves for firing at a very high temperature. Actually, such a brick is called ceramic. Brick is divided into facing and wall brick, depending on the variety of clay, annealing temperature. Brick is also divided into brands.

Clay bricks ordinary relatively not very expensive brick. It is produced by plastic pressing, after which it is amenable. During the masonry of the external walls in the zones of the amortized climate, it is recommended to plastered or covered with special hydrophobic compositions. As a rule, clay brick is plastic or semi -dry pressing and is used for the construction of internal partitions in houses and laying the inner part of the walls.

Ceramic facial brick is made of high -quality clay with special additional elements (it happens that they are added to the composal formula and dye) by pressing and molding, after that there is a burning in special furnaces at a very high temperature. Ceramic brick without additional elements and dyes is brown, light brown and all shades of red color.

Brick of the most diverse and special colors is also made in order to artistic processing of masonry components. For such purposes, a ceramic brick is made with a smooth front or colored embossed side. Such a ceramic front brick is used for laying external walls (external “versts”), masonry of fences and other work. It should be noted that ceramic brick is significantly more valuable than clay typical brick.

Profile brick in its qualities and features is similar to ceramic brick. Profile brick exists with a concave or convex front line. Such material is prepared for relief-pink cladding of windows, walls or doors. Use it, as a rule, for the purpose of external wall cladding.

From quartz sand, lime-fluffs and water make silicate brick. After stirring and producing a raw brick, he is fit in an autoclave, where he goes through the final finish at increased pressure and temperature of approximately 200 degrees. Use silicate brick to masonry external walls.

In addition to bricks, silicate, ceramic, clay stones are also produced. Stones stand out from bricks only by scale (we are talking about fake stone). The scope of the use of stones and bricks is the same – the construction of various buildings, for example, the construction of Cyprint houses.

Ceramic facade tiles are produced from substances and according to the methodology of identical production of ceramic bricks. Ceramic facade tiles are consumed with the aim of facing walls of cases and buildings, which are built of clay brick in raw climatic zones.