How to make a pattern

If you decide to learn how to sew, you can always look unique and adjust things directly under your figure. But to learn how to scribble on a typewriter is only half the battle. It is equally important to properly prepare the elements of clothing for processing a sewing machine. To do this, you need to be able to make patterns.

What you need to know to make a pattern

To make the main pattern, you need to know the parameters of the person for whom the clothes will be sewn. To do this, you need to remove the measurements from it. It is done as follows. A person for whom clothes is intended should stand straight, turning face to someone who takes the measurement. The pattern should be applied to life -size paper. You need to make measurements carefully, since only the exact points are the key to success.

For each measurement there is a special designation that must be recorded. To make a pattern correctly, write measurements in the correct order. All measurements are written in line, in order, according to their next you can find out what they mean.

Basic measurements for creating a pattern

In the first line, the main standards are recorded, the circle and width are marked in half the size, and the length is complete:

POG (half breast volume). When measuring this parameter, a person should stand with his back. A centimeter is applied to the highest breast point, drawn in armpits and connected on the left shoulder blade;

Sweat (half the waist). Removing the measurement, you need to tie a lace on the waist line;

Sweat (half the hips). The measurement is removed in the widest place of the hips, the centimeter is connected in front, on the right.

To make a pattern, write down the following in the second line:

A full circumference of the neck, measuring in the widest place;

The length of the gear to the waist line, measuring down from the cervical fossa to the waist line, which must be indicated with a lace;

The height of the chest, for the measurement of which you need to draw a centimeter obliquely from the highest point of the chest to the middle of the waist line;

The width of the chest, which needs to be measured horizontally between the front corners of the axillary hollows.

Having done this, for a pattern in the third line, write down:

The length of the back to the waist line, which is measured from the seventh cervical vertebra to the waist line, which is indicated by the lace;

The width of the back, for which it is necessary to draw a centimeter horizontally along the protruding points of the blades at the level of the axillary depressions.

To make the pattern correctly, in the fourth line you must note all the measurements necessary to create a sleeve pattern:

Shoulder length, which is measured from the base of the neck to the shoulder joint;

The length of the sleeve, long or short, while the hand should be slightly bent at the elbow;

The width of the sleeve, which should be measured at the armpit level around the hand.

To create a pattern in the fifth line, they enter:

The length of the trousers, measuring it from the waist line on the side to the ground. From the resulting value is deducted from three to five centimeters, depending on the wishes and style of trousers, narrow trousers should be shorter than wide;

The height of the landing, which must be measured in a sitting position from the waist line along the sides to the surface of the chair;

The width of the trousers below, which can be any depending on the preferences.

How to make parts from a pattern

The patterns of the back and transmit, the collar and sleeves, other parts must be done, cutting around the perimeter. On the waist line, the tucks must be done, cutting out in one direction, from the beginning of the tuck to the waist, and then from the waist to the other top of the tuck. On the back, make the cut of the shoulder tuck.

The sleeve pattern should be made in a cut along the contour with a cutout of tuck.